Android实战之 上传头像 和仿QQ空间、微博发表文字和图片

       转载请标明源地址:http://blog.csdn.net/gaolei1201/article/details/50392478


       以前项目中做过上传头像 和仿QQ空间、微博发表文字和图片,也是花费了好多精力和时间多。现在花了几天时间做了整理与大家分享一下。下面把几个重要点列一下:

1.下面会把Demo源码奉献给大家,用的是以前公司的接口,首先需要登录才能更新头像和发表图文

2.我在项目中用的是OKHttp框架来实现Http网络请求,它的优点:非常高效,支持SPDY、连接池、GZIP和 HTTP 缓存。默认情况下,OKHttp会自动处理常见的网络问题,像二次连接、SSL的握手问题。如果你的应用程序中集成了OKHttp,Retrofit默认会使用OKHttp处理其他网络层请求。OkHttp是一个相对成熟的解决方案,据说Android4.4的源码中可以看到HttpURLConnection已经替换成OkHttp实现了。所以我们更有理由相信OkHttp的强大。详情可参考:Android OkHttp完全解析   。

3.展现图片用的是UniversalImageLoader

4.展示本地图片时一定要压缩,不然图片大的话一个几M,容易出现OOM

5.上传图片时也要压缩,不然图片大的话耗费时间太长,以及别人浏览图片时太耗流量

6.在获取上传图片时,刚开始是肯定获取不到的,因为一张图片上传需要几秒钟,为了较好的用户体验可以先展示本地图片,上传成功后下次再展示网络图片;另一种方法就是把所有图片都上传完成,然后再获取发表的内容

如图:

              


下面是网络请求封装类,别的类用接口回调可以获取请求结果

<span style="font-size:14px;">public class NetRequest {
	
	private MyInterface.NetRequestIterface netRequestIterface;
	private Context context;
	public NetRequest(MyInterface.NetRequestIterface netRequestIterface, Context context) {
		this.netRequestIterface = netRequestIterface;
		this.context = context;
	}
	/**
	 * 网络请求用的是OKHttp,这个开源项目的好处是1.Android 6.0后不支持HttpClient请求,而它使用HttpUrlConnection 2.默认支持https
	 */
	public void httpRequest(Map<String, Object> map, final String requestUrl) {
		if (!CommonUtils.getUtilInstance().isConnectingToInternet(context)) {
			Toast.makeText(context,
					context.getString(R.string.internet_fail_connect),Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
			return;
		}

		OkHttpClient mOkHttpClient = new OkHttpClient();
		FormEncodingBuilder builder = new FormEncodingBuilder();
		if (null != map && !map.isEmpty())
			for (String key : map.keySet()) {
				builder.add(key, map.get(key)+"");
			}
		if(UserInfoUtil.getInstance().getAuthKey()!=null) {
			builder.add("authKey", UserInfoUtil.getInstance().getAuthKey());
		}
		Log.d("gaolei", " authKey------------------"+UserInfoUtil.getInstance().getAuthKey());
		Request request = new Request.Builder()
				.url(requestUrl)
				.post(builder.build())
				.build();
		try {
			mOkHttpClient.setConnectTimeout(5000, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);

			mOkHttpClient.newCall(request).enqueue(new Callback() {
				@Override
				public void onFailure(Request request, IOException e) {
					netRequestIterface.exception(e, requestUrl);
				}

				@Override
				public void onResponse(final Response response) throws IOException {
					String result = response.body().string();
					netRequestIterface.changeView(result, requestUrl);
				}
			});
		}catch (Exception e){

		}
	}
}
</span>

下面是压缩图片

<span style="font-size:14px;"> //注意显示本地图片时一定要压缩质量,不然容易出现OOM
    public Bitmap trasformToZoomPhotoAndLessMemory(String url) {
        File file = new File(url);

        Log.d("gaolei", "file.length()--------original-------------" + file.length());
        BitmapFactory.Options options = new BitmapFactory.Options();
        // 通过这个bitmap获取图片的宽和高
        options.inJustDecodeBounds = true;
        int inSampleSize = 1;
        if (file.length() < 256 * 1024) {
            options.inPreferredConfig = Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888;
        } else if (file.length() < 512 * 1024) {
            options.inPreferredConfig = Bitmap.Config.RGB_565;
            options.inSampleSize = 2;
            inSampleSize = 2;
        } else if (file.length() < 1024 * 1024) {
            options.inPreferredConfig = Bitmap.Config.RGB_565;
            options.inSampleSize = 4;
            inSampleSize = 4;
        } else {
            options.inPreferredConfig = Bitmap.Config.RGB_565;
            options.inSampleSize = 6;
            inSampleSize = 6;
        }
        options.inPurgeable = true;
        options.inInputShareable = true;
        // 注意这次要把options.inJustDecodeBounds 设为 false,这次图片是要读取出来的
        options.inJustDecodeBounds = false;

        Log.d("gaolei", "inSampleSize-----------------" + inSampleSize);
        int degree = readPictureDegree(file.getAbsolutePath());
        // Log.d("gaolei", "degree------------uploadImg--------------" +
        // degree);
        InputStream is = null;
        try {
            is = new FileInputStream(url);

        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        Bitmap cameraBitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeStream(is, null, options);
        // Bitmap cameraBitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeFile(url, options);
        Bitmap photo = rotaingImageView(degree, cameraBitmap);
        if (is != null) {
            try {
                is.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        return photo;
    }</span>

下面是把图片byte转化为字符串上传到服务器

<span style="font-size:14px;">    //请注意:上传图片时 我是把图片byte转化为字符串 上传到服务器,当然还可以用1.stream上传到服务器 2.Socket上传到服务器,不过我没试过
    public void uploadUserPhotoNew(final String filePath) {
        uploading_photo_progress.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
        //为什么另开一个线程呢?因为要把图片字节流转化为字符串上传,比较耗时,阻塞UI线程,会使应用卡卡卡,所以要另开一线程
        new Thread() {
            public void run() {
                String fileType = UploadPhotoUtil.getInstance().getFileType(filePath);
                String fileString = UploadPhotoUtil.getInstance().getUploadPhotoZoomString(
                        filePath);
                Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<String, Object>();
                map.put("imgType", fileType);
                map.put("imgBody", fileString);
                Message msg = handler.obtainMessage();
                msg.obj = map;
                msg.what = SAVE_PHOTO_IMAGE;
                handler.sendMessage(msg);

            }
        }.start();
    }</span>



下面是展示发表图文ListView的Adapter,这里比较重要,因为图片上传需要一段时间,马上获取发表的图文时,肯定显示不出来图片,现在先显示本地的,等下次进入时显示网络的

 

<span style="font-size:14px;">public class ThemeListViewAdapter extends BaseAdapter {

    private LayoutInflater inflater;
    private List<ThemeObject> list;
    private Context context;
    private List<String> uploadImgUrlList;

    public ThemeListViewAdapter(List<ThemeObject> list,
                                List<String> uploadImgUrlList, Context context) {
        inflater = LayoutInflater.from(context);
        this.list = list;
        this.uploadImgUrlList = uploadImgUrlList;
        this.context = context;
    }

    @Override
    public int getCount() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        return list.size();
    }

    @Override
    public Object getItem(int position) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        return list.get(position);
    }

    @Override
    public long getItemId(int position) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        return position;
    }

    public void changeList(List<ThemeObject> list) {
        this.list = list;
    }

    @Override
    public View getView(final int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        ViewHolder holder = null;
        if (convertView == null) {
            holder = new ViewHolder();
            convertView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.theme_listview_items, null);
            holder.user_photo = (ImageView) convertView
                    .findViewById(R.id.user_photo);
            holder.theme_img1 = (ImageView) convertView
                    .findViewById(R.id.theme_img1);
            holder.theme_img2 = (ImageView) convertView
                    .findViewById(R.id.theme_img2);
            holder.theme_img3 = (ImageView) convertView
                    .findViewById(R.id.theme_img3);
            holder.theme_title = (TextView) convertView
                    .findViewById(R.id.theme_title);
            holder.theme_desc = (TextView) convertView
                    .findViewById(R.id.theme_desc);
            holder.user_name = (TextView) convertView
                    .findViewById(R.id.user_name);
            holder.publish_theme_time = (TextView) convertView
                    .findViewById(R.id.publish_theme_time);
            holder.theme_reply_num = (TextView) convertView
                    .findViewById(R.id.theme_reply_num);
            holder.theme_praise_num = (TextView) convertView
                    .findViewById(R.id.theme_praise_num);
            holder.game_playing_prefix = (TextView) convertView
                    .findViewById(R.id.game_playing_prefix);
            holder.game_playing = (TextView) convertView
                    .findViewById(R.id.game_playing);

            convertView.setTag(holder);
        } else {
            holder = (ViewHolder) convertView.getTag();
        }
        holder.user_photo.setTag(position + "");
        holder.theme_img1.setTag(position + "");
        holder.theme_img2.setTag(position + "");
        holder.theme_img3.setTag(position + "");
        holder.game_playing_prefix.setTag(position + "");
        holder.game_playing.setTag(position + "");
        if (list.size() > 0) {
            final ThemeObject object = list.get(position);

            if (holder.user_photo.getTag().equals("" + position)) {
                if (object.getUserPhoto() != null) {
                    new CommonUtils().displayCircleImage(object.getUserPhoto(),
                            holder.user_photo, "photo");
                } else {
                    holder.user_photo.setImageDrawable(context.getResources()
                            .getDrawable(R.drawable.personal_default_photo));
                }
                List<PictureList> themePictureList = object.getPictureList();
                int pictureListSize = themePictureList.size();
                List<String> pictureUrlList = new ArrayList<String>();
                for (int i = 0; i < themePictureList.size(); i++) {
                    pictureUrlList.add(themePictureList.get(i).getUrl());
                }
                Log.d("gaolei", "themePictureList.size()------------" + position + "-------" + themePictureList.size());

                int uploadImgUrlListSize = uploadImgUrlList.size();
                Log.d("gaolei", "uploadImgUrlListSize------------" + position + "-------" + uploadImgUrlListSize);

                if (pictureListSize == 0) {
                    holder.theme_img1.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                    holder.theme_img2.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                    holder.theme_img3.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                }
                if (pictureListSize == 1) {
                    holder.theme_img1.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    if (holder.theme_img1.getTag().equals("" + position)) {
                        CommonUtils.getUtilInstance().displayLowQualityInImage(pictureUrlList.get(0),
                                holder.theme_img1);
                    }
                }
                if (pictureListSize == 2) {
                    holder.theme_img1.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    holder.theme_img2.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    if (holder.theme_img1.getTag().equals("" + position)) {
                        CommonUtils.getUtilInstance().displayLowQualityInImage(pictureUrlList.get(0),
                                holder.theme_img1);
                    }
                    if (holder.theme_img2.getTag().equals("" + position)) {
                        CommonUtils.getUtilInstance().displayLowQualityInImage(pictureUrlList.get(1),
                                holder.theme_img2);
                    }
                }
                if (pictureListSize == 3) {
                    holder.theme_img1.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    holder.theme_img2.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    holder.theme_img3.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    if (holder.theme_img1.getTag().equals("" + position)) {
                        CommonUtils.getUtilInstance().displayLowQualityInImage(pictureUrlList.get(0),
                                holder.theme_img1);
                    }
                    if (holder.theme_img2.getTag().equals("" + position)) {
                        CommonUtils.getUtilInstance().displayLowQualityInImage(pictureUrlList.get(1),
                                holder.theme_img2);
                    }
                    if (holder.theme_img3.getTag().equals("" + position)) {
                        CommonUtils.getUtilInstance().displayLowQualityInImage(pictureUrlList.get(2),
                                holder.theme_img3);
                    }
                }
                //这里比较重要,因为图片上传需要一段时间,马上获取发表的图文时,肯定显示不出来图片,现在先显示本地的,等下次进入时显示网络的
                if (position == 0) {
                    if (uploadImgUrlListSize == 1) {
                        holder.theme_img1.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                        if (holder.theme_img1.getTag().equals("" + position)) {
                            Bitmap bitmap = UploadPhotoUtil.getInstance().trasformToZoomBitmapAndLessMemory(uploadImgUrlList.get(0));
                            holder.theme_img1.setImageDrawable(new BitmapDrawable(context.getResources(), bitmap));
                        }
                    }
                    if (uploadImgUrlListSize == 2) {
                        holder.theme_img1.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                        holder.theme_img2.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                        if (holder.theme_img1.getTag().equals("" + position)) {
                            Bitmap bitmap = UploadPhotoUtil.getInstance().trasformToZoomBitmapAndLessMemory(uploadImgUrlList.get(0));
                            holder.theme_img1.setImageDrawable(new BitmapDrawable(context.getResources(), bitmap));
                        }
                        if (holder.theme_img2.getTag().equals("" + position)) {
                            Bitmap bitmap = UploadPhotoUtil.getInstance().trasformToZoomBitmapAndLessMemory(uploadImgUrlList.get(1));
                            holder.theme_img2.setImageDrawable(new BitmapDrawable(context.getResources(), bitmap));
                        }
                    }
                    if (uploadImgUrlListSize == 3) {
                        holder.theme_img1.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                        holder.theme_img2.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                        holder.theme_img3.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                        if (holder.theme_img1.getTag().equals("" + position)) {
                            Bitmap bitmap = UploadPhotoUtil.getInstance().trasformToZoomBitmapAndLessMemory(uploadImgUrlList.get(0));
                            holder.theme_img1.setImageDrawable(new BitmapDrawable(context.getResources(), bitmap));
                        }
                        if (holder.theme_img2.getTag().equals("" + position)) {
                            Bitmap bitmap = UploadPhotoUtil.getInstance().trasformToZoomBitmapAndLessMemory(uploadImgUrlList.get(1));
                            holder.theme_img2.setImageDrawable(new BitmapDrawable(context.getResources(), bitmap));
                        }
                        if (holder.theme_img3.getTag().equals("" + position)) {
                            Bitmap bitmap = UploadPhotoUtil.getInstance().trasformToZoomBitmapAndLessMemory(uploadImgUrlList.get(2));
                            holder.theme_img3.setImageDrawable(new BitmapDrawable(context.getResources(), bitmap));
                        }
                    }
                }
                holder.user_name.setText(object.getUserName());
                holder.theme_title.setText(object.getThemeTitle());
                holder.theme_desc.setText(object.getThemeDescr());
                holder.theme_reply_num.setText(object.getReplyNum() + "");
                holder.publish_theme_time.setText(CommonUtils.getUtilInstance()
                        .transformMillisToDate(object.getCreateTime()));
                holder.theme_praise_num.setText(object.getPraiseNum() + "");
            }
            holder.user_photo.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

                @Override
                public void onClick(View v) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                }
            });
        }
        return convertView;
    }

    class ViewHolder {
        ImageView user_photo, theme_img1, theme_img2, theme_img3;
        TextView user_name, theme_title, theme_desc, publish_theme_time,
                theme_reply_num, theme_praise_num, game_playing,
                game_playing_prefix;
    }
}</span>

另外的开源项目地址:http://www.itlanbao.com/code/20150810/10044/100222.html ,http://download.csdn.net/download/reality_jie/6807867,一个开源项目源码有上传头像功能http://download.csdn.net/detail/gaolei1201/9414286效果如下图:




                                    源码下载地址,欢迎光临......


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